July 2023 was significantly warmer than average, with temperatures rising 2 degrees Celsius above the annual average.
In the meantime, there was an above-average amount of rain, with an exception in central Germany, where the weather was drier and sunnier than in the rest of the country.
July was warmer than the annual average
The country has seen an excessive amount of rainfall and more hours of sunshine, with central Germany experiencing much higher temperatures.
The German Weather Service (DWD) reported that the average temperature in July was 18.7 degrees Celsius, which was 1.8 degrees Celsius above the average temperature for the international reference period from 1961 to 1990.
Compared to the years from 1991 to 2020, the temperature was still about 0.4 degrees Celsius higher.
The German Weather Service (DWD) also analyzed data from 2,000 monitoring stations for its study, and pointed out that the main reason for the warm July was the heat wave that hit in the first half of July.
Mornsdorf-Grimmenthal, north of Nuremberg, recorded the country’s highest temperature on July 15, with 38.8 degrees Celsius.
Increased rainfall and more hours of sunshine than usual
Due to the rainfall in the last week of the month, the total rainfall in July was 100 liters per square meter, which is 30% higher than the average of the reference period from 1961 to 1990.
The Bavarian Alps and the North Sea coast were among the wettest areas with over 200 liters per square meter, while the situation was drier from the Magdeburg area to the Lusatian Mountains.
July sunshine hours also exceeded the long-term annual average, with 230 hours of sunshine recorded across the country, 10 percent more than usual.
Central Germany is becoming drier and warmer
In central Germany, July was slightly warmer than the national average, with temperatures in the states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia exceeding the average for the comparison period from 1961 to 1990 by more than two degrees.
The three states recorded higher temperatures with 240 to 255 hours of sunshine, and central Germany was drier than the rest of Germany.
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