Rome International Summit on Migration: European Alliance with Tunisia to Combat Migration to Germany

In a relentless effort to halt the flow of African immigrants to Europe, Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni decided to invite the leaders of Mediterranean countries to the Italian capital, Rome.

The purpose of this invitation is to organize an “International Conference” aimed at promoting and extending the model agreement recently signed between the European Union and Tunisia, with the goal of reducing the flow of immigrants to the continent. Leaders from the region, the European Union, and representatives from international financial institutions are expected to attend the summit.

International Summit to Combat Illegal Immigration to Germany

International Conference on Combating Immigration to Germany

The invitation received positive responses from the Tunisian President, Qais Saied, in addition to the attendance of the Prime Ministers of Malta and Egypt. It is also expected to include the presence of the Prime Ministers of Algeria, Greece, Jordan, and Lebanon, along with European leaders.

As Prime Minister Miloni pledged during her election campaign to halt immigration to Italy, this occasion comes to reinforce and reaffirm this commitment.

Despite the efforts made by its government to prevent the arrival of refugees, the number of those reaching the shores of the peninsula remains high. Estimates indicate that around eighty thousand people have arrived since the beginning of the year, which is double the number from the previous year during the same period.

Rome, with the support of other member states in the European Union, seeks to enhance cooperation with Tunisia, as most irregular migration originates from the Tunisian coast.

A memorandum of understanding has been signed between Brussels, Rome, and the Tunisian President aimed at providing financial assistance of 105 million euros to prevent the departure of migrant boats and combat human trafficking.

Indeed, the European Union carries a strong desire to negotiate similar partnerships with Egypt and Morocco, despite knowing that these countries may differ from Europe in their political systems. Nevertheless, cooperation with them is deemed necessary.

However, there are non-governmental organizations that oppose this approach and call for seeking alternative solutions to deal with the immigration crisis.

On the other hand, Boris Rhein, the Prime Minister of Hesse in Germany, called for imposing border controls nationwide in order to contain the illegal flow of immigrants.

In his interview with the German newspaper “Bild am Sonntag,” Rainer emphasized that this step is necessary to deal with the increasing number of people arriving in Germany through illegal means.

Federal Minister Nancy Vizer demanded the immediate implementation of measures to achieve this goal, affirming her readiness to receive border monitoring measures from the Federal Police.

It is worth mentioning that the Schengen Area includes 27 European countries, and there is no permanent border control within this area.

However, some countries have employed an exceptional rule and introduced partial control over their borders in recent years. Since 2015, Germany began monitoring its borders with Austria in the state of Bavaria in the south of the country, following the arrival of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants from Greece via the Balkan route to Western Europe.

The issue requires further research and study to find a comprehensive solution that addresses the migration crisis, as migrants will continue to seek ways to cross the Mediterranean and achieve a better and safer life.

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